Shortcut Keys in Linux

Global shortcut keys
Global shortcut keys enable you to use the keyboard to perform tasks related to your desktop, rather than tasks on the currently selected window or application. The following table lists some global shortcut keys:
Shortcut Key Function
Alt+F1 Open the Applications Menu.
Alt+F2 Display the Run Application dialog. See Section 7.1 ― Running Applications for more information.
Print Screen Take a screenshot of the entire desktop. See Section 7.2 ― Taking Screenshots for more information.
Alt+Print Screen Take a screenshot of the currently focused window.
Ctrl+Alt+Arrow keys Switch to the workspace to the specified direction of the current workspace. See Section 2.4 ― Workspaces for more information on working with multiple workspaces.
Ctrl+Alt+D Minimize all windows and give focus to the desktop.
Alt+Tab Switch between windows. A list of windows that you can select is displayed. Release the keys to select a window. You can press the Shift key to cycle through the windows in reverse order.
Ctrl+Alt+Tab Switch the focus between the panels and the desktop. A list of items that you can select is displayed. Release the keys to select an item. You can press the Shift key to cycle through the items in reverse order.

Application Keys
Application shortcut keys enable you to perform application tasks. You can use shortcut keys to perform application tasks more quickly than if you use a mouse. The following table lists some common application shortcut keys:
Shortcut Key Action
Ctrl+N Create a new document or window.
Ctrl+X Cut the selected text or region and place it on the clipboard.
Ctrl+C Copy the selected text or region onto the clipboard.
Ctrl+V Paste the contents of the clipboard.
Ctrl+Z Undo the last action.
Ctrl+S Save the current document to disk.
F1 Load the online help document for the application.

In addition to these shortcut keys, all applications support a set of keys to navigate and work with the user interface. These keys allow you to perform operations that you might normally perform with a mouse. The following table describes some interface control keys:
Keys Action
Arrow keys or Tab Move between controls in the interface or items in a list.
Enter or spacebar Activate or choose the selected item.
F10 Activate the left-most menu of the application window.
Shift+F10 Activate the context menu for the selected item.
Esc Close a menu without selecting a menu item, or cancel a drag operation.

Window shortcut keys
Window shortcut keys allow you to use the keyboard to perform tasks on the currently focused window. The following table lists some window shortcut keys:
Shortcut Key Function
Alt+Tab Switch between windows. A list of windows that you can select is displayed. Release the keys to select a window. You can press the Shift key to cycle through the windows in reverse order.
Alt+F4 Close the currently focused window.
Alt+F5 Unmaximize the current window, if it is maximized.
Alt+F7 Move the currently focused window. After pressing this shortcut, you can move the window using either the mouse or the arrow keys. To finish the move, click the mouse or press any key on the keyboard.
Alt+F8 Resize the currently focused window. After pressing this shortcut, you can resize the window using either the mouse or the arrow keys. To finish the resize, click the mouse or press any key on the keyboard.
Alt+F9 Minimize the current window.
Alt+F10 Maximize the current window.
Alt+spacebar Open the window menu for the currently selected window. The window menu allows you to perform actions on the window, such as minimizing, moving between workspaces, and closing.
Shift+Ctrl+Alt+Arrow keys Move the current window to another workspace in the specified direction. See Section 2.4 ― Workspaces for more information on working with multiple workspaces.

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